Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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AC
cyclophosphamide and doxorubicin (41breast and pediatric neuroblastoma) OR cisplatin and doxorubicin (41sarcoma/bone)
ACC
acinic cell carcinoma ◊ acinar cell carcinoma ◊ adenoid cystic carcinoma ◊ adrenocortical carcinoma
accelerated fractionation
also hyperfractionation - Regular dose of radiation therapy administered during a shorter time frame.
accelerated phase
(ak-SEL-er-ay-ted) Refers to chronic myelogenous leukemia that is progressing. The number of immature, abnormal white blood cells in the bone marrow and blood is higher than in the chronic More…
accessible
(ak ses' sah bul) Refers to tumors that can be approached by a surgical procedure; tumors that are not deep in the brain or beneath vital structures. Inaccessible tumors cannot be More…
accutane
aka: isotretinoin, 13-cis-retinoic acid, 13-cis-RA; aaa derivative of Vitamin A that is commonly used in treating acne that has been proven to be beneficial in the treatment of More…
ACDM
Association for Clinical Data Management See also: Association for Clinical Data Management Website
ACE
cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and etoposide
ACE inhibitor
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. A type of drug that is used to lower blood pressure. ACE inhibitors belong to the family of drugs called antihypertensives
acetaminophen
A drug that reduces pain and fever (but not inflammation). It belongs to the family of drugs called analgesics
acetazolamide
A medication that was once used commonly as a diuretic. It is now more commonly used to reduce intraocular pressure.
acetylcysteine
A drug usually used to reduce the thickness of mucus and ease its removal. It is also used to reverse the toxicity of high doses of acetaminophen. Also called N-acetyl-L-cysteine
achlorhydria
(a-klor-HY-dree-a) A lack of hydrochloric acid in the digestive juices in the stomach. Hydrochloric acid helps digest food
acinar
Pertaining to one of the small sacs (as in a compound gland) ◊ aka: acinic - Pertaining to one of the small sacs (as in a compound gland)
acinar cell carcinoma
Rare cancer of the exocrine pancreas.
acini
Groups of secretory cells surrounding a cavity. Plural of acinus.
acinic cell carcinoma
Low grade, malignant, neoplasm that may be found in the glands of the head and neck or the pancreas.
acinus
Smallest division of a gland. Secretory cells surrounding a cavity.
acitretin
A substance that is used in the prevention of cancer and in the treatment of psoriasis. It belongs to the family of drugs called retinoids
ACMR
Advisory Committee on Medical Research
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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