Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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alanosine
A substance that is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called antimetabolites. Also called SDX-102
ALAT
alanine aminotransferase OR alinine transaminase (44blood test)
albuminuria
Presence of excessive protein, chiefly albumin but also globulin, in the urine. Usually a symptom of kidney disorder.
ALCL
anaplastic large-cell lymphoma
aldesleukin
A laboratory-made colony-stimulating factor that stimulates the production of blood cells, especially platelets, during chemotherapy. It is a cytokine that belongs to the family of drugs More…
alemtuzumab
A type of monoclonal antibody used in the treatment of leukemia. Monoclonal antibodies are laboratory-produced substances that can locate and bind to cancer cells. Also called Campath-1H More…
alendronate sodium
A drug that affects bone metabolism. It is used in treating osteoporosis and Paget's disease, and is being studied in the treatment of hypercalcemia (abnormally high levels of calcium More…
aleukemia
Condition found in patients with leukemia who have a high number of white blood cells in their blood.
alkaline phosphatase
An enzyme produced by the liver or bone. An elevated level of alkaline phosphatase in the blood may indicate a liver or bone problem.
alkalinization
(AL-ka-LIN-ih-ZAY-shun) The process by which a substance becomes an alkali. An alkali is the opposite of an acid
alkaloid
A member of a large group of chemicals that are made by plants and have nitrogen in them. Some alkaloids have been shown to work against cancer
alkalosis
Above-normal alkalinity in the blood or body fluids
alkylating agent
A drug that is used in the treatment of cancer. It interferes with the cell's DNA and inhibits cancer cell growth
ALL
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia. A quickly progressing disease in which too many immature white blood cells called lymphoblasts are found in the blood and bone marrow. Also called acute More…
ALL
"acute lymphocytic leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia"
alleles
Variants of a gene
allelic
Relating to alleles
alleviate
Provide physical relief, as from pain
allogeneic
[Al-o-jen-AY-ik] See also: allogenic
allogeneic transplant
Transfer of tissue (stem cell or bone marrow) from one person (donor) to another (recipient) - preferably from a matching donor.
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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