Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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A A& A1 A3 AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AI AJ AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AX AZ
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ARAC/DNR
cytarabine and daunorubicin
ARC
AIDS related complex ◊ AIDS related complex
arctigenin
A substance found in certain plants, including burdock. It has shown antiviral and anticancer effects. Arctigenin belongs to a group of substances called lignans
arctiin
A substance found in certain plants, including burdock. It has shown anticancer effects. Arctiin belongs to a group of substances called lignans
areola
(a-REE-o-la) The area of dark-colored skin on the breast that surrounds the nipple
arginine butyrate
A substance that is being studied in the treatment of cancer
argon laser
Superficial laser treatment used with light-sensitive dyes to treat tumors in a procedure known as photodynamic therapy (PDT).
argyrophil
Staining or easily impregnated with silver. Capable of binding silver salts.
ARMS
alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma
aromatase inhibitor
(a-ROW-ma-tays in-HIB-it-er) A drug that prevents the formation of estradiol, a female hormone, by interfering with an aromatase enzyme. Aromatase inhibitors are used as a type of hormone More…
arsenic
A poisonous chemical used to kill weeds and pests. Prolonged exposure has been proven to cause some types of cancer.
arsenic trioxide
A substance that induces programmed cell death (apoptosis) in certain cancer cells. It belongs to the family of drugs called antineoplastics
arterial embolization
(ar-TEE-ree-al EM-bo-lih-ZAY-shun) The blocking of an artery by a clot of foreign material. This can be done as treatment to block the flow of blood to a tumor
arteriogram
(ar-TEER-ee-o-gram) An x-ray of arteries; the person receives an injection of a dye that outlines the vessels on an x-ray
arteriography
(ar-TEE-ree-AH-gra-fee) A procedure to x-ray arteries. The arteries can be seen because of an injection of a dye that outlines the vessels on an x-ray
arteriovenous fistula
Abnormal channel or passage between an artery and a vein. aka. arteriovenous fistulae
artery
A blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
arthritis
A disease that causes inflammation and pain in the joints
articulation
(ar tik u lay' shun) The ability to pronounce speech sounds, words and thoughts correctly.
artifact
(ar' tih fakt) Artificial, a distortion that does not reflect normal anatomy or pathology, not usually found in the body.
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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