Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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A A& A1 A3 AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AI AJ AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AX AZ
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AT
doxorubicin and paclitaxel
atamestane
A substance that is being studied in the treatment of cancer. Atamestane blocks the production of the hormone estrogen in the body. It belongs to the family of drugs called antiestrogens More…
ataxia
Loss of muscle coordination
ataxia telangiectasia
Inherited disorder characterized by problems with muscle coordination, immunodeficiency, inadequate DNA repair, and an increased risk of developing cancer.
ataxia-telangiectasia
A rare, inherited, progressive, degenerative disease of childhood that causes loss of muscle control, a weakened immune system, and an increased risk of cancer
ataxic gait
(ah-TAK-sik) Awkward, uncoordinated walking
atelectasis
(at-uh-LEK-tuh-sis) Failure of the lung to expand (inflate) completely. This may be caused by a blocked airway, a tumor, general anesthesia, pneumonia or other lung infections, lung More…
athymic, nude mouse
A type of laboratory mouse that is hairless, lacks a normal thymus gland, and has a defective immune system because of a genetic mutation. Athymic, nude mice are often used in cancer More…
ATL
adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma
ATLL
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. An aggressive (rapidly progressing) type of T-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma caused by the human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1). It is marked by bone and More…
ATLL
adult T-cell leukemia lymphoma
ATP
Adenosine triphosphate. A substance present in all living cells that provides energy for many metabolic processes and is involved in making RNA. ATP made in the laboratory is being studied More…
ATRA
inhibitor - all-trans retinoic acid
atrasentan
A substance that is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called endothelin-1 protein receptor antagonists
atrophy
Any weakening or degeneration of body systems including organs, tissues, etc..
ATRT
Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor
attenuated
Weakened or thinned. Attenuated strains of disease-causing bacteria and viruses are often used as vaccines. The weakened strains are used as vaccines because they stimulate a protective More…
atypia
Abnormality of a cell
atypical
Not typical - refers to the appearance of precancerous or cancerous cells.
atypical hyperplasia
(AY-TIP-i-kul hy-per-PLAY-zha) A benign (noncancerous) condition in which cells look abnormal under a microscope and are increased in number
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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