Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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BAC
bronchioalveolar carcinoma
Bacillus Calmette Guérin
(bah-SILL-us KAL-met GAY-ran) BCG. A type of bacteria used in cancer treatment to stimulate the immune system. It is also used to vaccinate against tuberculosis
Bacillus Calmette-Guerin
Strain of M. bovis which has an extremely low virulence but high immune stimulation.
BACON
bleomycin, doxorubicin, lomustine, mechlorethamine HCl, and vincristine
BACOP
bleomycin, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, prednisone, and vincristine
bacteria
(bak-TEER-ee-uh) A large group of single-cell microorganisms. Some cause infections and disease in animals and humans. The singular of bacteria is bacterium
bacterial toxin
A toxic substance, made by bacteria, that can be modified to kill specific tumor cells without harming normal cells
BAER
brainstem auditory evoked response
barbiturate
(bar-BICH-u-rit) A drug used to treat insomnia, seizures, and convulsions, and to relieve anxiety and tension before surgery. It belongs to the family of drugs called central nervous system More…
barium enema
A procedure in which a liquid with barium in it is put into the rectum and colon by way of the anus. Barium is a silver-white metallic compound that helps to show the image of the lower More…
barium solution
A liquid containing barium sulfate that is used in x-rays to highlight parts of the digestive system
barium swallow
A series of x-rays of the esophagus. The x-ray pictures are taken after the person drinks a solution that contains barium. The barium coats and outlines the esophagus on the x-ray. Also More…
Barrett's esophagus
A condition in which the cells lining the lower part of the esophagus have changed or been replaced with abnormal cells that could lead to cancer of the esophagus. The backing up of stomach More…
basal cell
(BAY-sal) A small, round cell found in the lower part (or base) of the epidermis, the outer layer of the skin
basal cell carcinoma
(BAY-sal sel 5ar-sin-O-ma) A type of skin cancer that arises from the basal cells, small round cells found in the lower part (or base) of the epidermis, the outer layer of the skin
basal cell nevus syndrome
An inherited condition that causes unusual facial features and disorders of the skin, bone, nervous system, eyes, and endocrine glands. People with this syndrome have an increased chance of More…
basophil
A type of white blood cell. Basophils are granulocytes
basophilic
Staining readily with basic dyes
batimastat
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called angiogenesis inhibitors. Batimastat is a matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor
BAY 12-9566
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called angiogenesis inhibitors
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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