Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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brachial plexopathy
(BRAY-kee-ul pleks-AH-pah-thee) A condition marked by numbness, tingling, pain, weakness, or limited movement in the arm or hand. It is caused by an impairment of the brachial plexus, a More…
brachial plexus
(BRAY-kee-ul PLEKS-us) A network of nerves that sends signals from the spine to the arm and hand
BRACHY
radiation - brachytherapy
brachytherapy
(BRAKE-ih-THER-a-pee) A procedure in which radioactive material sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters is placed directly into or near a tumor. Also called internal radiation, More…
brain metastases
Cancer that has spread from the original (primary) tumor to the brain
brain scan
Radioactive dye is injected into the blood stream, to obtain pictures of the brain. This is a diagnostic procedure that may show tumors of the brain.
brain stem
The part of the brain that is connected to the spinal cord
brain stem glioma
(glee-O-ma) A tumor located in the part of the brain that connects to the spinal cord (the brain stem). It may grow rapidly or slowly, depending on the grade of the tumor
brain stem tumor
A tumor in the part of the brain that connects to the spinal cord (the brain stem)
BRCA
breast cancer gene
BRCA1
A gene on chromosome 17 that normally helps to suppress cell growth. A person who inherits an altered version of the BRCA1 gene has a higher risk of getting breast, ovarian, or prostate More…
BRCA2
A gene on chromosome 13 that normally helps to suppress cell growth. A person who inherits an altered version of the BRCA2 gene has a higher risk of getting breast, ovarian, or prostate More…
breakthrough pain
Intense increases in pain that occur with rapid onset even when pain- control medication is being used. Breakthrough pain can occur spontaneously or in relation to a specific activity
breast
Glandular organ located on the chest. The breast is made up of connective tissue, fat, and breast tissue that contains the glands that can make milk. Also called mammary gland
breast calcifications
Deposits of calcium that can be seen on a mammogram of the breast.
breast cancer in situ
Abnormal cells that are confined to the ducts or lobules in the breast. There are two forms, called ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS)
breast density
Describes the relative amount of different tissues present in the breast. A dense breast has less fat than glandular and connective tissue. Mammogram films of breasts with higher density More…
breast duct endoscopy
A method used to examine the lining of the breast ducts to look for abnormal tissue. A very thin, flexible, lighted tube attached to a camera is inserted through the nipple, and threaded More…
breast implant
A silicone gel-filled or saline-filled sac placed under the chest muscle to restore breast shape
breast reconstruction
Surgery to rebuild the shape of the breast after a mastectomy
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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