Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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selected terms: 23 page 1 of 2
docetaxel
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called mitotic inhibitors
dock
Rumex acetosella . A plant that has been used in some cultures to treat certain medical problems. It may have anticancer effects. Also called sheep sorrel and sorrel
dolasetron
A drug that prevents or reduces nausea and vomiting. It belongs to the family of drugs called antiemetics
dolastatin 10
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called mitotic inhibitors
donepezil
A drug used in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. It belongs to the family of drugs called cholinesterase inhibitors. It is being studied in the treatment of side effects caused by More…
donor
Person who donates (gives) an organ, blood, or blood products to another person (the recipient).
dormant
In a physical state of biological rest or suspended animation - alive but not growing.
dose
The amount of medicine taken, or radiation given, at one time
dose-dense chemotherapy
A chemotherapy treatment plan in which drugs are given with less time between treatments than in a standard chemotherapy treatment plan
dose-dependent
Refers to the effects of treatment with a drug. If the effects change when the dose of the drug is changed, the effects are said to be dose-dependent
dose-limiting
Describes side effects of a drug or other treatment that are serious enough to prevent an increase in dose or level of that treatment
dose-rate
The strength of a treatment given over a period of time
dosimetrist
(do-SIM-uh-trist) A person who determines the proper radiation dose for treatment
dosimetry
Practice of measuring the dose of radiation emitted by a radioactive source.
double-blinded
A clinical trial in which neither the medical staff nor the person knows which of several possible therapies the person is receiving
double-contrast barium enema
A procedure in which x-rays of the colon and rectum are taken after a liquid containing barium is put into the rectum. Barium is a silver-white metallic compound that outlines the colon and More…
doubling time
In biology, the amount of time it takes for a cell to divide, or for a population of cells (such as a tumor) to double in size. As cells divide more rapidly, the doubling time becomes More…
douche
(DOOSH) A procedure in which water or a medicated solution is used to clean the vagina and cervix
Down syndrome
A disorder caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21 and characterized by mental retardation and distinguishing physical features
DOX
adriamycin
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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