Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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EP
cisplatin and etoposide
EP-2101
A substance that is being studied as a treatment for cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called cancer vaccines
ependymal tumor
A brain tumor that usually begins in the central canal of the spinal cord. Ependymal tumors may also develop in the cells lining the ventricles of the brain, which produce and store the More…
ependymoma
(ep-en-dih-MOE-mah) A type of brain tumor that may arise in the ventricles of the brain or in the spinal cord. Also called an ependymal tumor and ependemoblastoma
EPI
epirubicin
epidemiology
The study of the patterns, causes, and control of disease in groups of people
epidermal growth factor receptor
EGFR. The protein found on the surface of some cells and to which epidermal growth factor binds, causing the cells to divide. It is found at abnormally high levels on the surface of many More…
epidermis
(ep-i-DER-mis) The upper or outer layer of the two main layers of tissue that make up the skin
epidermoid carcinoma
(ep-i-DER-moyd kar-sin-O-ma) A type of cancer in which the cells are flat and look like fish scales. Also called squamous cell carcinoma
epidural
Having to do with the space between the wall of the spinal canal and the covering of the spinal cord. An epidural injection is given into this space
epidural block
An injection of an anesthetic drug into the space between the wall of the spinal canal and the covering of the spinal cord
epigastric
Having to do with the upper middle area of the abdomen
epiglottis
(ep-ih-GLAH-tis) The flap that covers the trachea during swallowing so that food does not enter the lungs
epilepsy
A group of disorders marked by problems in the normal functioning of the brain. These problems can produce seizures, unusual body movements, a loss of consciousness or changes in More…
epinephrine
A hormone and neurotransmitter. Also called adrenaline
epipodophyllotoxin
A drug used to treat a variety of childhood cancers. Epipodophyllotoxins belong to a larger class of drugs called topoisomerase II inhibitors
epirubicin
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called antitumor antibiotics. It is an anthracycline
epispadias
Congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis.
epithelial
(ep-ih-THEE-lee-ul) Refers to the cells that line the internal and external surfaces of the body
epithelial carcinoma
(ep-ih-THEE-lee-ul kar-sin-O-ma) Cancer that begins in the cells that line an organ
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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