Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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ER
Estrogen receptor. Protein found on some cancer cells to which estrogen will attach
ER
emergency room or estrogen receptor
ER
estrogen receptor
ER+
Estrogen receptor positive. Breast cancer cells that have a protein (receptor molecule) to which estrogen will attach. Breast cancer cells that are ER+ need the hormone estrogen to grow and More…
ER-
Estrogen receptor negative. Breast cancer cells that do not have a protein (receptor molecule) to which estrogen will attach. Breast cancer cells that are ER- do not need the hormone More…
ERA-923
A substance that is being studied as a treatment for cancer. It belongs to a family of drugs called antiestrogens
erb-38 immunotoxin
A toxic substance linked to an antibody that attaches to tumor cells and kills them
ErbB1
Epidermal growth factor receptor. The protein found on the surface of some cells and to which epidermal growth factor binds, causing the cells to divide. It is found at abnormally high More…
ERCP
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (en-do-SKAH-pik RET-ro-grade ko-LAN-jee-o-PAN-kree-a-TAW-gra-fee). A procedure to x-ray the pancreatic duct, hepatic duct, common bile duct, More…
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
erectile dysfunction
An inability to have an erection of the penis adequate for sexual intercourse. Also called impotence
erlotinib
A substance that is being studied as a treatment for cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Also called CP-358,774 and More…
ERT
Estrogen replacement therapy. Hormones (estrogen, progesterone, or both) given to postmenopausal women or to women who have had their ovaries surgically removed. Hormones are given to More…
ERT
hormone - estrogen replacement therapy
ERUS
Endorectal ultrasound. A procedure in which a probe that sends out high-energy sound waves is inserted into the rectum. The sound waves are bounced off internal tissues or organs and make More…
erythema
Redness of the skin
erythrocyte
(eh-RITH-ro-site) A cell that carries oxygen to all parts of the body. Also called a red blood cell (RBC)
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESR. The distance red blood cells travel in one hour in a sample of blood as they settle to the bottom of a test tube. The sedimentation rate is increased in inflammation, infection, More…
erythrocytosis
Commonly refers to an increase in red cell numbers. aka: polycythemia
erythrodysplasia
A condition in which immature red blood cells (erythroid cells) in the bone marrow are abnormal in size, shape, organization, and/or number. Erythrodysplasia may be caused by vitamin More…
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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