Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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selected terms: 28 page 1 of 2
gland
An organ that makes one or more substances, such as hormones, digestive juices, sweat, tears, saliva, or milk. Endocrine glands release the substances directly into the bloodstream. Exocrine More…
Gleason score
(GLEE-sun) A system of grading prostate cancer cells based on how they look under a microscope. Gleason scores range from 2 to 10 and indicate how likely it is that a tumor will spread. A More…
Gleevec
A drug that is being studied for its ability to inhibit the growth of certain cancers. It interferes with a portion of the protein produced by the bcr/abl oncogene. Also called imatinib More…
Gliadel Wafer
A biodegradable wafer that is used to deliver the anticancer drug carmustine directly into a brain tumor site after the tumor has been removed by surgery. Also called polifeprosan 20 More…
glial cell
(GLEE-al) A type of cell that surrounds nerve cells and holds them in place. Glial cells also insulate nerve cells from each other
glial tumor
A general term for tumors of the central nervous system, including astrocytomas, ependymal tumors, glioblastoma multiforme, and primitive neuroectodermal tumors
glioblastoma
(glee-o-blas-TOE-ma) A general term that refers to malignant astrocytoma, a type of brain tumor
glioblastoma multiforme
(glee-o-blas-TOE-ma mul-tih-FOR-may) A type of brain tumor that forms from glial (supportive) tissue of the brain. It grows very quickly and has cells that look very different from normal More…
glioma
(glee-O-ma) A cancer of the brain that begins in glial cells (cells that surround and support nerve cells)
gliosarcoma
A type of glioma (cancer of the brain that comes from glial, or supportive, cells)
gliosis
Excess growth of astrocytes in the brain or spinal cord, usually occurring after injury to one of these parts. aka: astrocytosis
glomerular architecture
Pertaining to or of the structural nature of a glomerulus
glomeruloid structures
Resembling a structure composed of blood vessels or nerve fibers in a cluster-like form. aka: primitive glomeruli
glossectomy
Surgical removal of all or part of the tongue
glottis
(GLAH-tis) The middle part of the larynx; the area where the vocal cords are located
glucagon
A hormone produced by the pancreas that increases the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood
glucagonoma
(GLOO-kuh-guh-NO-ma) A rare pancreatic tumor that produces a hormone called glucagon. Glucagonomas can produce symptoms similar to diabetes
glucocorticoid
A compound that belongs to the family of compounds called corticosteroids (steroids). Glucocorticoids affect metabolism and have anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects. They may be More…
gluconeogenesis
The process of making glucose (sugar) from its own breakdown products or from the breakdown products of lipids (fats) or proteins. Gluconeogenesis occurs mainly in cells of the liver or More…
glucose
A type of sugar; the chief source of energy for living organisms
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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