Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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laboratory study
Research done in a laboratory. These studies may use test tubes or animals to find out if a drug, procedure, or treatment is likely to be useful. Laboratory studies take place before any More…
laboratory test
A medical procedure that involves testing a sample of blood, urine, or other substance from the body. Tests can help determine a diagnosis, plan treatment, check to see if treatment is More…
lacrimal gland
A gland that secretes tears. The lacrimal glands are found in the upper, outer part of each eye socket
lactate dehydrogenase
LDH. One of a group of enzymes found in the blood and other body tissues, and involved in energy production in cells. An increased amount in the blood may be a sign of tissue damage and More…
lactic acid dehydrogenase
One of a group of enzymes found in the blood and other body tissues, and involved in energy production in cells. An increased amount in the blood may be a sign of tissue damage and some More…
lactose
A type of sugar found in milk and milk products
lactose intolerance
The inability to digest or absorb lactose, a type of sugar found in milk and other dairy products
LAK cell
A white blood cell that is stimulated in a laboratory to kill tumor cells. Also called a lymphokine-activated killer cell
lamina propria
A type of connective tissue found under the thin layer of tissues covering a mucous membrane
lamivudine
A drug used to treat infection caused by viruses
lamotrigine
A drug that is used to help control some types of seizures. It is being studied in the prevention of peripheral neuropathy caused by some chemotherapy drugs. It belongs to the family of More…
laparoscope
A thin, lighted tube used to look at tissues and organs inside the abdomen
laparoscopic
Surgery done with the aid of a laparoscope (a thin, lighted tube). Tissue can be removed from the abdomen or chest through a small incision.
laparoscopic-assisted colectomy
(LAP-uh-ruh-SCOP-ik) Surgery done with the aid of a laparoscope (a thin, lighted tube) to remove all or part of the colon through several small incisions made in the wall of the abdomen. A More…
laparoscopy
(lap-a-RAHS-ko-pee) The insertion of a thin, lighted tube (called a laparoscope) through the abdominal wall to inspect the inside of the abdomen and remove tissue samples
laparotomy
(lap-a-RAH-toe-mee) A surgical incision made in the wall of the abdomen
lappa
Arctium lappa . A plant whose seeds and root have been used in some cultures to treat certain medical problems. It may have antioxidant effects. Also called burdock and happy major
large cell
When discussing cancer cell types, this denotes cells that are larger than normal cells
large cell carcinoma
(kar-sin-O-ma) Lung cancer in which the cells are large and look abnormal when viewed under a microscope
large core biopsy
Surgical procedure that involves removing an entire intact lesion (abnormality) under image guidance.
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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