Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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lectin
A complex molecule that has both protein and sugars. Lectins are able to bind to the outside of a cell and cause biochemical changes in it. Lectins are made by both animals and plants
LEEP
loop electrosurgical excision procedure
leflunomide
An anticancer drug that works by inhibiting a cancer cell growth factor. Also called SU101
leiomyoma
A benign smooth muscle tumor, usually in the uterus or gastrointestinal tract. Also called fibroid
leiomyomata
Benign nodules commonly found in the uterus. aka: fibroids
leiomyosarcoma
A malignant (cancerous) tumor of smooth muscle cells that can arise almost anywhere in the body, but is most common in the uterus, abdomen, or pelvis
lentigo maligna melanoma
More common among the elderly population. This lesion may grow for years as an in-situ tumor before developing the more aggressive vertical growth phase.
lentinan
A beta-glucan (a type of polysaccharide) from the mushroom Lentinus edodes (shiitake mushroom). It has been studied in Japan as a treatment for cancer
lepirudin
A drug that inhibits blood clotting. It is being studied in cancer treatment
leptomeningeal cancer
A tumor that involves the tissues that cover the brain and spinal cord
leptomeningeal metastases
Cancer that has spread from the original (primary) tumor to the tissues that cover the brain and spinal cord
leridistim
A substance that is being studied for its ability to stimulate the production of blood cells during chemotherapy. It belongs to the family of drugs called colony-stimulating factors. Also More…
lerisetron
A drug that prevents or reduces nausea and vomiting
lesion
(LEE-zhun) An area of abnormal tissue. A lesion may be benign (noncancercous) or malignant (cancerous)
letrozole
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors. Letrozole is used to decrease estrogen production and suppress the growth of More…
leucovorin
A drug used to protect normal cells from high doses of the anticancer drug methotrexate. It is also used to increase the antitumor effects of fluorouracil and tegafur-uracil, an oral More…
leukapheresis
Removal of the blood to collect specific blood cells; the remaining blood is returned to the body
leukemia
(loo-KEE-mee-a) Cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow, and causes large numbers of blood cells to be produced and enter the blood stream
leukocyte
(LOO-ko-site) A white blood cell. Refers to a blood cell that does not contain hemoglobin. White blood cells include lymphocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, macrophages, and mast cells. More…
leukocytosis
Increase in the number of leukocytes in the blood
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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