Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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L L- LA LB LC LD LE LF LG LH LI LM LN LO LP LT LU LV LX LY
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LI
labelling index
Li-Fraumeni syndrome
A rare, inherited predisposition to multiple cancers, caused by an alteration in the p53 tumor suppressor gene
liarozole
An anticancer drug that promotes differentiation by increasing the levels of retinoic acid within the tumor
lidocaine
(LYE-doe-kane) A substance that is used to relieve pain by blocking signals at the nerve endings in skin. It can also be given intravenously to stop heart arrhythmias. It belongs to the More…
ligation
(lye-GAY-shun) The process of tying off blood vessels so that blood cannot flow to a part of the body or to a tumor
light microscope
A microscope (device to magnify small objects) in which objects are lit directly by white light
light-emitting diode therapy
LED therapy. Treatment with drugs that become active and may kill cancer cells when exposed to light. LED therapy is type of photodynamic therapy which uses a special type of light to More…
lignan
A member of a group of substances found in plants that have shown estrogenic and anticancer effects. Lignans have been used in some cultures to treat certain medical problems
limb perfusion
(per-FYOO-zhun) A technique that may be used to deliver anticancer drugs directly to an arm or leg. The flow of blood to and from the limb is temporarily stopped with a tourniquet, and More…
limited-stage small cell lung cancer
Cancer found in one lung and in nearby lymph nodes
linac
A machine that creates high-energy radiation to treat cancer, using electricity to form a stream of fast-moving subatomic particles. Also called mega-voltage (MeV) linear accelerator or a More…
linear accelerator
A machine that creates high-energy radiation to treat cancer, using electricity to form a stream of fast-moving subatomic particles. Also called mega-voltage (MeV) linear accelerator or a More…
linseed
The seed of the flax plant. It is a rich source of omega-3 fatty acid, fiber, and a compound called lignin. It is being studied in the prevention of prostate cancer. Also called flaxseed More…
liothyronine sodium
A thyroid hormone. Also called triiodothyronine or T-3
lipid
Fat
liposarcoma
A rare cancer of the fat cells
liposomal
A drug preparation that contains the active drug in very tiny fat particles. This fat-encapsulated drug is absorbed better, and its distribution to the tumor site is improved
lisofylline
A drug that may protect healthy cells from chemotherapy and radiation without inhibiting the effects of these therapies on tumor cells
liver
A large organ located in the upper abdomen. The liver cleanses the blood and aids in digestion by secreting bile
liver cancer
A disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the tissues of the liver
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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