Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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M M- M/ M0 MA MB MC MD ME MF MG MH MI ML MM MN MO MP MR MS MT MU MV MX MY MZ
selected terms: 40 page 1 of 2
MICE
carboplatin, etoposide, ifosfamide, and mesna
microcalcification
(MY-krow-kal-si-fi-KAY-shun) A tiny deposit of calcium in the breast that cannot be felt but can be detected on a mammogram. A cluster of these very small specks of calcium may indicate More…
microcystic
See serous
microgram
One millionth of a gram
micrometastases
Small numbers of cancer cells that have spread from the primary tumor to other parts of the body and are too few to be picked up in a screening or diagnostic test
microorganism
An organism that can be seen only through a microscope. Microorganisms include bacteria, protozoa, algae, and fungi. Although viruses are not considered living organisms, they are sometimes More…
microsatellite
A short sequence of DNA, usually 1 to 4 basepairs (a unit of DNA), that is repeated together in a row along the DNA molecule. There is variation from person to person in the number of More…
microsatellite instability
MSI. A change that occurs in the DNA of certain cells (such as tumor cells) in which the number of repeats of microsatellites (short, repeated sequences of DNA) is different than the number More…
microscope
Magnifier of the image of small objects.
microscopic
Too small to be seen without a microscope
microscopy
Research with the use of microscopes
microstaging
A technique used to help determine the stage (extent) of melanoma and certain squamous cell cancers. A sample of skin that contains tumor tissue is examined under a microscope to find out More…
microwave therapy
A type of treatment in which body tissue is exposed to high temperatures to damage and kill cancer cells or to make cancer cells more sensitive to the effects of radiation and certain More…
microwave thermotherapy
A type of treatment in which body tissue is exposed to high temperatures to damage and kill cancer cells or to make cancer cells more sensitive to the effects of radiation and certain More…
mifepristone
An anticancer drug that blocks the action of progesterone, a hormone that affects the growth of some cancers
migrate
To move from one place to another
milk thistle
A plant that has been used in some cultures to treat certain medical problems, including stomach, liver, and gallbladder disorders. The active extract of milk thistle seeds is called More…
milligram
A measure of weight. A milligram is approximately 450,000 times smaller than a pound and 28,000 times smaller than an ounce
milliliter
A measure of volume for a liquid. A milliliter is approximately 950 times smaller than a quart and 30 times smaller than a fluid ounce. A milliliter of liquid and a cubic centimeter (cc) of More…
millimeter
A measure of length in the metric system. A millimeter is one thousandth of a meter. There are 25 millimeters in an inch
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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