Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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myalgia
(my-AL-juh) Pain in a muscle or group of muscles
mycophenolate mofetil
A drug that is being studied for its effectiveness in preventing graft-versus-host disease and autoimmune disorders
mycosis fungoides
(mye-KO-sis fun-GOY-deez) A type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that first appears on the skin and can spread to the lymph nodes or other organs such as the spleen, liver, or lungs
mycostatin
A drug that treats infections caused by fungi
myelin
(MYE-eh-lin) The fatty substance that covers and protects nerves
myeloablation
A severe form of myelosuppression. Myelosuppression is a condition in which bone marrow activity is decreased, resulting in fewer red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It is a More…
myeloablative therapy
Intense regimen of chemotherapy designed to destroy all cells that divide rapidly, including normal rapidly producing cells such as hair and some blood cells.
myelodysplasia
Abnormal bone marrow cells that may lead to myelogenous leukemia
myelodysplastic syndrome
(MYE-eh-lo-dis-PLAS-tik SIN-drome) Disease in which the bone marrow does not function normally. Also called preleukemia or smoldering leukemia
myelofibrosis
A disorder in which the bone marrow is replaced by fibrous tissue
myelogenous
(my-eh-LAH-jen-us) Having to do with, produced by, or resembling the bone marrow. Sometimes used as a synonym for myeloid; for example, acute myeloid leukemia and acute myelogenous leukemia More…
myelogram
(MY-eh-lo-gram) An x-ray of the spinal cord after an injection of dye into the space between the lining of the spinal cord and brain
myeloid
(MY-eh-loyd) Having to do with or resembling the bone marrow. May also refer to certain types of hematopoietic (blood-forming) cells found in the bone marrow. Sometimes used as a synonym More…
myeloma
Cancer that arises in plasma cells, a type of white blood cell
myeloproliferative disorder
A disease in which too many blood cells are made in the bone marrow
myelosclerosis with myeloid metaplasia
A progressive, chronic disease in which the bone marrow is replaced by fibrous tissue and blood is made in organs such as the liver and the spleen, instead of in the bone marrow. This More…
myelosuppression
A condition in which bone marrow activity is decreased, resulting in fewer red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Myelosuppression is a side effect of some cancer treatments. More…
myelosuppressive therapy
Treatment that inhibits blood cell production
myometrium
(mye-o-MEE-tree-um) The muscular outer layer of the uterus
myxoid
Resembling mucous
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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