Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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P- P5 PA PB PC PD PE PF PG PH PI PK PL PM PN PO PP PR PS PT PU PV PX PY
selected terms: 39 page 1 of 2
PO
by mouth
POA
pancreatic oncofetal antigen
POC
lomustine, prednisone, and vincristine
polifeprosan 20 carmustine implant
A biodegradable wafer that is used to deliver the anticancer drug carmustine directly into a brain tumor site after the tumor has been removed by surgery. Also called Gliadel Wafers
poly-ICLC
A substance that is being studied as a treatment for cancer and as an immune system stimulant. It is made in the laboratory by combining the nucleic acid RNA with the chemicals More…
polyclonal
Pertaining to multiple clones.
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
A group of compounds formed during the incomplete combustion of coal, oil, gas, wood, garbage or other organic substances.
polyglutamate camptothecin
A substance that is being studied as a treatment for cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called camptothecins. Also called CT-2106
polyglutamate paclitaxel
A protein that can be linked to a chemotherapy drug to deliver the drug directly to the tumor with fewer side effects. It is being studied as a treatment for cancer. Also called CT-2103 More…
polymerase chain reaction
PCR. A laboratory method used to make many copies of a specific DNA sequence
polymorphism
A common variation or mutation in DNA
polyneuritis
Inflammation of several peripheral nerves at the same time
polyp
(POL-ip) A growth that protrudes from a mucous membrane
polypectomy
(POL-i-PEK-tuh-mee) Surgery to remove a polyp
polyphenol
A substance that is found in many plants and gives some flowers, fruits, and vegetables their color. Polyphenols have antioxidant activity
Polyphenon® E
A substance that is being studied in the prevention of cancer. It is made from decaffeinated green tea, and contains chemicals called catechins, which are antioxidants
polyposis
The development of numerous polyps (growths that protrude from a mucous membrane)
polysaccharide
A type of carbohydrate. It contains sugar molecules that are linked together chemically
pomegranate
Punica granatum . A subtropical shrub or tree. Juice from the fruit may contain substances that decrease or slow the rise of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. It is being studied for More…
pons
Part of the central nervous system, located at the base of the brain, between the medulla oblongata and the midbrain. It is part of the brainstem
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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