Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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selected terms: 87 page 1 of 5
PR
partial remission OR partial response ◊ progesterone receptor
PR-
Progesterone receptor negative. Breast cancer cells that do not have a protein (receptor molecule) to which progesterone will attach. Breast cancer cells that are PR- do not need the More…
precancerous
(pre-KAN-ser-us) A term used to describe a condition that may (or is likely to) become cancer. Also called premalignant
precancerous dermatitis
A skin disease marked by scaly or thickened patches on the skin, and often caused by prolonged exposure to arsenic. The patches often occur on sunexposed areas of the skin and in older More…
precancerous dermatosis
A skin disease marked by scaly or thickened patches on the skin, and often caused by prolonged exposure to arsenic. The patches often occur on sunexposed areas of the skin and in older More…
precancerous polyps
Growths that protrude from a mucous membrane. Precancerous polyps may (or are likely to) become cancer
preclinical study
Research using animals to find out if a drug, procedure, or treatment is likely to be useful. Preclinical studies take place before any testing in humans is done
predictive factor
(pre-DIK-tiv) A situation or condition that may increase a person's risk of developing a certain disease or disorder
predispose
Make susceptible - capable of being affected by
prednisolone
A synthetic corticosteroid used in the treatment of blood cell cancers (leukemias) and lymph system cancers (lymphomas)
prednisone
Belongs to the family of drugs called steroids and is used to treat several types of cancer and other disorders. Prednisone also inhibits the body's immune response
preleukemia
(PREE-loo-KEE-mee-a) A disease in which the bone marrow does not function normally. Also called myelodysplastic syndrome or smoldering leukemia
premalignant
A term used to describe a condition that may (or is likely to) become cancer. Also called precancerous
premenopausal
Refers to the time before menopause. Menopause is the time of life when a women's menstrual periods stop permanently; also called change of life
prescription
A doctor's order for medicine or another intervention
pretracheal space
The area in front of the trachea (windpipe)
prevascular space
The area in the front part of the chest between the lungs. Also called anterior mediastinum
preventive
Used to prevent disease
preventive mastectomy
Surgery to remove one or both breasts in order to decrease the risk of developing breast cancer. Also called prophylactic mastectomy
primary care doctor
A doctor who manages a person's health care over time. A primary care doctor is able to give a wide range of care, including prevention and treatment, can discuss cancer treatment More…
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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