Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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rabies
A disease of the nervous system caused by the rabies virus. Rabies is marked by an increase in saliva production, abnormal behavior, and eventual paralysis and death
radial margin
Area of the body that surrounded the tissue removed during surgery. aka: circumferential margin
radiation
(ray-dee-AY-shun) Energy released in the form of particles or electromagnetic waves. Common sources of radiation include radon gas, cosmic rays from outer space, and medical x-rays
radiation fibrosis
(ray-dee-AY-shun fye-BRO-sis) The formation of scar tissue as a result of radiation therapy
radiation nurse
A health professional who specializes in caring for people who are receiving radiation therapy
radiation oncologist
(ray-dee-AY-shun on-KOL-o-jist) A doctor who specializes in using radiation to treat cancer
radiation physicist
A person who makes sure that the radiation machine delivers the right amount of radiation to the correct site in the body. The physicist works with the radiation oncologist to choose the More…
radiation retinopathy
Ocular radiation treatment side effect, that may result in loss of vision.
radiation surgery
A radiation therapy technique that delivers radiation directly to the tumor while sparing the healthy tissue. Also called radiosurgery and stereotactic external beam irradiation
radiation therapist
A health professional who gives radiation treatment
radiation therapy
(ray-dee-AY-shun THER-ah-pee) The use of high-energy radiation from x-rays, gamma rays, neutrons, and other sources to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation may come from a machine More…
radical
Far beyond the norm
radical cystectomy
(RAD-ih-kal sis-TEK-toe-mee) Surgery to remove the bladder as well as nearby tissues and organs
radical hysterectomy
Surgery to remove the uterus, cervix, and part of the vagina. The ovaries, fallopian tubes, and nearby lymph nodes may also be removed
radical lymph node dissection
A surgical procedure to remove most or all of the lymph nodes that drain lymph from the area around a tumor. The lymph nodes are then examined under a microscope to see if cancer cells have More…
radical mastectomy
(RAD-ih-kul mas-TEK-toe-mee) Surgery for breast cancer in which the breast, chest muscles, and all of the lymph nodes under the arm are removed. For many years, this was the breast cancer More…
radical nephrectomy
(neh-FREK-tuh-mee) Surgery to remove an entire kidney, nearby adrenal gland and lymph nodes, and other surrounding tissue
radical prostatectomy
(RAD-ih-kal pros-ta-TEK-toe-mee) Surgery to remove the entire prostate. The two types of radical prostatectomy are retropubic prostatectomy and perineal prostatectomy
radioactive
(RAY-dee-o-AK-tiv) Giving off radiation
radioactive drug
A drug containing a radioactive substance that is used in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and in pain management of bone metastases. Also called a radiopharmaceutical
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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