Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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S- SA SC SD SE SF SG SH SI SK SL SM SN SO SP SQ SR SS ST SU SV SW SY
selected terms: 22 page 1 of 2
SI
radioactive - seed implantation
sialic acid
A type of sugar molecule
sialomucin
Mucin containing sialic acid
sialyl Tn-KLH
A vaccine composed of a substance that enhances immunity plus an antigen found on some tumors of the colon, breast, lung, ovary, pancreas, and stomach
side effect
A problem that occurs when treatment affects tissues or organs other than the ones being treated. Some common side effects of cancer treatment are fatigue, pain, nausea, vomiting, decreased More…
side-to-end coloanal anastomosis
A surgical procedure in which the side of the colon is attached to the anus after the rectum has been removed. A section of the colon about 2 inches long is formed into a mini-pouch in More…
sigmoid colon
(SIG-moyd KO-lun) The S-shaped section of the colon that connects to the rectum
sigmoidoscope
(sig-MOY-da-skope) A thin, lighted tube used to view the inside of the colon
sigmoidoscopy
(sig-moid-OSS-ko-pee) Inspection of the lower colon using a thin, lighted tube called a sigmoidoscope. Samples of tissue or cells may be collected for examination under a microscope. Also More…
signal transduction
Biochemical events that conduct the signal of a hormone or growth factor from the cell exterior, through the cell membrane, and into the cytoplasm.
signal transduction inhibitor
A drug that may prevent the ability of cancer cells to multiply quickly and invade other tissues
signet ring cell carcinoma
A highly malignant type of cancer typically found in glandular cells that line the digestive organs. The cells resemble signet rings when examined under a microscope
SIL
Squamous intraepithelial lesion. A general term for the abnormal growth of squamous cells on the surface of the cervix. The changes in the cells are described as low grade or high grade, More…
sildenafil
A substance that is used to treat erectile dysfunction. Sildenafil relaxes the smooth muscle of the penis to allow increased blood flow and erection. It belongs to the family of drugs More…
silicone
A synthetic gel that is used as an outer coating on breast implants and as the inside filling of some implants
silymarin
A substance obtained from milk thistle seeds that is being studied in the prevention of liver damage caused by certain cancer treatments
simple mastectomy
Removal of the breast. Also called total mastectomy
simple nephrectomy
(neh-FREK-tuh-mee) Surgery to remove one kidney
simulation
In cancer treatment, a process used to plan radiation therapy so that the target area is precisely located and marked
single blind study
A type of clinical trial in which only the doctor knows whether a patient is taking the standard treatment or the new treatment being tested. This helps prevent bias in treatment studies More…
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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