Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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SOB
short of breath
soblidotin
A substance that is being studied as a treatment for cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called tubulin inhibitors. Also called TZT-1027
social worker
A professional trained to talk with people and their families about emotional or physical needs, and to find them support services
sodium
A mineral needed by the body to keep body fluids in balance. Sodium is found in table salt and in many processed foods. Too much sodium can cause the body to retain water
sodium borocaptate
BSH. A substance used in a type of radiation therapy called boron neutron capture therapy. BSH is injected into a vein, and becomes concentrated in tumor cells. The patient then receives More…
sodium salicylate
A drug that belongs to the family of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Sodium salicylate may be tolerated by people who are sensitive to aspirin
sodium sulfite
A chemical used in photography, paper making, water treatment, and for other purposes
sodium thiosulfate
(SO-dee-um thye-oh-SUL-fate) A substance that is used in medicine as an antidote to cyanide poisoning and to decrease side effects of the anticancer drug cisplatin
soft diet
A diet consisting of bland foods that are softened by cooking, mashing, pureeing, or blending
soft palate
Back muscular portion of the roof of the mouth.
soft tissue
Refers to muscle, fat, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, or other supporting tissue of the body
soft tissue sarcoma
(TISH-oo sar-KO-ma) A sarcoma that begins in the muscle, fat, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, or other supporting tissue of the body
solar keratosis
A precancerous condition of thick, scaly patches of skin. Also called actinic or senile keratosis
solid tumor
An abnormal mass of tissue that usually does not contain cysts or liquid areas. Solid tumors may be benign (not cancerous), or malignant (cancerous). Different types of solid tumors are More…
somatic cell
Any of the body cells except the reproductive (germ) cells
somatic mutation
An alteration in DNA that occurs after conception. Somatic mutations can occur in any of the cells of the body except the germ cells (sperm and egg) and therefore are not passed on to More…
somatostatin
Pituitary hormone that inhibits the production of growth hormone and is use to treat diarrhea
somnolence syndrome
(SOM-no-lens) Periods of drowsiness, lethargy, loss of appetite, and irritability in children following radiation therapy treatments to the head
sonogram
(SON-o-gram) A computer picture of areas inside the body created by bouncing high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) off internal tissues or organs. Also called an ultrasonogram
sorivudine
An antiviral drug that is being studied as a treatment for herpesvirus. It belongs to the family of drugs called nucleic acid synthesis inhibitors
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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