Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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selected terms: 21 page 1 of 2
sympathetic nervous system
Originates in the thoracic regions of the spinal cord; opposes physiological effects of the parasympathetic: reduces digestive secretions; speeds the heart; contracts blood vessels
symphysis
Abnormal adhesion of two or more structures
symptom
An indication that a person has a condition or disease. Some examples of symptoms are headache, fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and pain
symptom management
Care given to improve the quality of life of patients who have a serious or life-threatening disease. The goal of symptom management is to prevent or treat as early as possible the symptoms More…
symptomatic
Having to do with symptoms, which are signs of a condition or disease
syncytium
A large cell-like structure formed by the joining together of two or more cells. The plural is syncytia
syndrome
(SIN-drome) A set of symptoms or conditions that occur together and suggest the presence of a certain disease or an increased chance of developing the disease
synergistic
Describes the interaction of two or more drugs such that their combined effect is greater than the sum of the individual effects seen when each drug is given alone
syngeneic bone marrow transplantation
(SIN-juh-NAY-ik) A procedure in which a person receives bone marrow donated by his or her healthy identical twin
syngeneic stem cell transplantation
(SIN-juh-NAY-ik) A procedure in which a patient receives stem cells donated by his or her healthy identical twin
synovial membrane
A layer of connective tissue that lines the cavities of joints, tendon sheaths, and bursae (fluid-filled sacs between tendons and bones). The synovial membrane makes synovial fluid, which More…
synovial sarcoma
Rare malignant tumor considered a soft-tissue sarcoma of the synovial tissue. Occurs most often in young adults.
synthetic protegrin analog
A drug that may prevent oral mucositis (sores on the lining of the mouth), a side effect of some cancer treatments
synthetic retinoid
(sin-THET-ik RET-in-oyd) A substance related to vitamin A that is produced in a laboratory
syringe
A small hollow tube used for injecting or withdrawing liquids. It may be attached to a needle in order to withdraw fluid from the body or inject drugs into the body
systemic
(sis-TEM-ik) Affecting the entire body
systemic chemotherapy
Treatment with anticancer drugs that travel through the bloodstream, reaching and affecting cells all over the body
systemic disease
Disease that affects the whole body
systemic lupus erythematosus
SLE. A chronic inflammatory connective tissue disease marked by skin rashes, joint pain and swelling, inflammation of the kidneys, inflammation of the fibrous tissue surrounding the heart More…
systemic therapy
(sis-TEM-ik THER-a-pee) Treatment using substances that travel through the bloodstream, reaching and affecting cells all over the body
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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