Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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thalamus
(THAL-a-muss) An area of the brain that helps process information from the senses and transmit it to other parts of the brain
thalidomide
A drug that belongs to the family of drugs called angiogenesis inhibitors. It prevents the growth of new blood vessels into a solid tumor
theophylline
A drug used to improve breathing in people who are short of breath. It belongs to the family of drugs called bronchodilators or respiratory smooth muscle relaxants
therapeutic
Used to treat disease and help healing take place
therapy
Treatment
thermal ablation
A procedure using heat to remove tissue or a part of the body, or destroy its function. For example, to remove the lining of the uterus, a catheter is inserted through the cervix into the More…
thermography
In medicine, a procedure in which a heat-sensing infrared camera is used to record the surface heat produced by different parts of the body. Abnormal tissue growth can cause temperature More…
thioguanine
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called antimetabolites
thiotepa
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called alkylating agents
third-line therapy
Treatment that is given when both initial treatment (first-line therapy) and subsequent treatment (second-line therapy) don’t work, or stop working
thoracentesis
(thor-a-sen-TEE-sis) Removal of fluid from the pleural cavity through a needle inserted between the ribs
thoracic
(thor-ASS-ik) Having to do with the chest
thoracoscopy
The use of a thin, lighted tube (called an endoscope) to examine the inside of the chest
thoracotomy
(thor-a-KAH-toe-mee) An operation to open the chest
thrombocyte
(THROM-bo-site) A blood cell that helps prevent bleeding by causing blood clots to form. Also called a platelet
thrombocytopenia
A decrease in the number of platelets in the blood that may result in easy bruising and excessive bleeding from wounds or bleeding in mucous membranes and other tissues
thrombohemorrhagic event
A process that involves either a blood clot or bleeding, such as a heart attack or stroke
thrombophlebitis
(throm-bo-fleh-BY-tis) Inflammation of a vein that occurs when a blood clot forms
thrombopoietin
A colony-stimulating factor that stimulates the production of blood cells, especially platelets, during chemotherapy. It is a cytokine that belongs to the family of drugs called More…
thrombosis
(throm-BOW-sis) The formation or presence of a blood clot inside a blood vessel
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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