Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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tocladesine
A substance that is being studied as an anticancer drug. It is an analog of a substance that occurs naturally in the body (cyclic adenosine monophosphate)
tomography
(tuh-MAH-gra-fee) A series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body; the pictures are created by a computer linked to an x-ray machine
tonsil
One of two small masses of lymphoid tissue on either side of the throat
topical
On the surface of the body
topical chemotherapy
(kee-mo-THER-a-pee) Treatment with anticancer drugs in a lotion or cream applied to the skin
Topo/CTX
cyclophosphamide, filgrastim, and topotecan
topoisomerase inhibitor
An anticancer drug. The topoisomerase enzymes are responsible for the arrangement and rearrangement of DNA in the cell and for cell growth and replication. Inhibiting these enzymes may kill More…
topotecan
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family drugs called topoisomerase inhibitors
toremifene
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called antiestrogens. Toremifene blocks the effect of the hormone estrogen in the body. It may help control some cancers from growing, More…
total androgen blockade
Therapy used to eliminate male sex hormones (androgens) in the body. This may be done with surgery, hormonal therapy, or a combination
total estrogen blockade
Therapy used to eliminate estrogen in the body. This may be done with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these procedures
total hysterectomy
Surgery to remove the entire uterus, including the cervix. Sometimes, not all of the cervix is removed. Also called complete hysterectomy
total laryngectomy
(LAIR-in-JEK-tuh-mee) An operation to remove all of the larynx (voice box)
total mastectomy
(mas-TEK-toe-mee) Removal of the breast. Also called simple mastectomy
total nodal irradiation
Radiation therapy to the mantle field, the spleen, the lymph nodes in the upper abdomen, and the lymph nodes in the pelvic area
total pancreatectomy
Surgery to remove the entire pancreas. Part of the stomach, part of the small intestine, the common bile duct, gallbladder, spleen, and nearby lymph nodes also are removed
total parenteral nutrition
TPN. Intravenous (into a vein) feeding that provides necessary nutrients when a person is unable to eat normally
total-body irradiation
Radiation therapy to the entire body. Usually followed by bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation
totipotent
Having to do with cells that are able to develop into any type of cell found in the body
toxic
Having to do with poison or something harmful to the body. Toxic substances usually cause unwanted side effects
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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