Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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tubal ligation
(TOO-bul lye-GAY-shun) An operation to tie the fallopian tubes closed. This procedure prevents pregnancy by blocking the passage of eggs from the ovaries to the uterus
tuberous sclerosis
A genetic disorder in which benign (noncancerous) tumors form in the kidneys, brain, eyes, heart, lungs, and skin. This disease can cause seizures, mental disabilities, and different types More…
tubular carcinoma of the breast
Well-differentiated variant of invasive ductal carcinoma and has been shown to have a favorable prognosis. Accounts for about 2 percent of BC's.
tubule
A small tube.
tubulovillous adenoma
A type of polyp that grows in the colon and other places in the gastrointestinal tract and sometimes in other parts of the body. These adenomas may become malignant (cancerous)
tumor
(TOO-mer) A mass of excess tissue that results from abnormal cell division. Tumors perform no useful body function. They may be benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancerous)
tumor antigen vaccine
A vaccine made of tumor antigens (proteins isolated from tumor cells)
tumor board review
A treatment planning approach in which a number of doctors who are experts in different specialties (disciplines) review and discuss the medical condition and treatment options of a More…
tumor burden
Refers to the number of cancer cells, the size of a tumor, or the amount of cancer in the body. Also called tumor load
tumor debulking
Surgically removing as much of the tumor as possible
tumor infiltrating lymphocyte
A white blood cell that has left the bloodstream and migrated into a tumor
tumor load
Refers to the number of cancer cells, the size of a tumor, or the amount of cancer in the body. Also called tumor burden
tumor marker
A substance sometimes found in the blood, other body fluids, or tissues. A high level of tumor marker may mean that a certain type of cancer is in the body. Examples of tumor markers More…
tumor model
A type of animal model which can be used to study the development and progression of diseases and to test new treatments before they are given to humans. Animals with transplanted human More…
tumor necrosis factor
(TOO-mer ne-KRO-sis) A type of biological response modifier (a substance that can improve the body's natural response to disease). Three types of tumor necrosis factor have been More…
tumor suppressor gene
(TOO-mer) Genes in the body that can suppress or block the development of cancer
tumor-derived
Taken from an individual's own tumor tissue; may be used in the development of a vaccine that enhances the body's ability to build an immune response to the tumor
tumor-specific antigen
A protein or other molecule that is unique to cancer cells or is much more abundant in them. These molecules are usually found in the plasma (outer) membrane, and they are thought to be More…
tunica vaginalis testis
Peritoneal sac located anterolateral to the testis
TUR
Surgery performed with a special instrument inserted through the urethra. Also called transurethral resection
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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