Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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Viagra
A substance that is used to treat erectile dysfunction. Viagra relaxes the smooth muscle of the penis to allow increased blood flow and erection. It belongs to the family of drugs called More…
video-assisted resection
Surgery that is aided by the use of a video camera that projects and enlarges the image on a television screen. Also called video-assisted surgery
video-assisted surgery
Surgery that is aided by the use of a video camera that projects and enlarges the image on a television screen. Also called video-assisted resection
villous adenoma
A type of polyp that grows in the colon and other places in the gastrointestinal tract and sometimes in other parts of the body. These adenomas may become malignant (cancerous)
villus
A tiny hair-like projection, often on the surface of mucous membranes. The plural is villi
vimentin
Protein that forms the vimentin filaments, used as a marker marker for cells derived from the embryonic mesenchyma
vinblastine
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of plant drugs called vinca alkaloids. It is a mitotic inhibitor
vinca alkaloid
An anticancer drug that inhibits cancer cell growth by stopping cell division. It is also called an antimitotic or antimicrotubule agent, or a mitotic inhibitor
vincristine
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of plant drugs called vinca alkaloids
vindesine
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of plant drugs called vinca alkaloids
vinorelbine
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of plant drugs called vinca alkaloids
vinyl chloride
(VINE-uhl KLOR-ide) A substance used to make plastics. Exposure to vinyl chloride may increase the risk of developing liver, brain, and lung cancers; lymphoma; and leukemia
VIP
cisplatin, etoposide, ifosfamide, and mesna
viral
Having to do with a virus
viral vector
A type of virus used in cancer therapy. The virus is changed in the laboratory and cannot cause disease. Viral vectors produce tumor antigens (proteins found on a tumor cell) and can More…
virtual colonoscopy
(ko-lun-AHS-ko-pee) A method under study to examine the colon by taking a series of x-rays (called a CT scan) and using a high-powered computer to reconstruct 2-D and 3-D pictures of the More…
virulence
The ability of a microorganism to cause damage to its host
virulent
Refers to the ability of a virus or a bacterium to cause damage to its host
Virulizin
A substance that activates some types of immune system cells, and is being studied as a treatment for cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called biological therapy agents
virus
(VYE-rus) A microorganism that can infect cells and cause disease
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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