Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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abdominoperineal resection
Surgical removal of a section of the lower bowel along with adjacent lymph nodes done through abdominal and perineal incisions. This procedure may be done for rectal cancers.
ABE
atypical bronchial epithelium
ABJS
Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons See also: Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons Website
ABL
ableson oncogene ◊ acute biphenotypic leukemia
ablation
In medicine, the removal or destruction of a body part or tissue or its function. Ablation may be performed by surgery, hormones, drugs, radiofrequency, heat, or other methods
ABMT
autologous bone marrow transplant
abnormal
Not normal. In referring to a lesion or growth, may be cancerous or premalignant (likely to become cancer)
ABP
American Board of Pathology See also: American Board of Pathology Website ◊ American Board of Pediatrics American Board of Pediatrics Website
ABPI
Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry See also: Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry Website
abscess
An enclosed collection of pus in tissues, organs, or confined spaces in the body. An abscess is a sign of infection and is usually swollen and inflamed
absolute neutrophil count
aka: polymorphonuclear cells, PMN's, polys, granulocytes, segmented neutrophils or segs. Measure of the number of neutrophil granulocytes present in the blood.
ABT-751
A substance that is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called sulfonamides
ABTA
American Brain Tumor Association See also: American Brain Tumor Association Website
ABV
bleomycin, doxorubicin, and vinblastine
ABVD
bleomycin, doxorubicin, decarbazine, and vinblastine
ABX-EGF
A type of monoclonal antibody being studied in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Monoclonal antibodies are laboratory-produced substances that can locate and bind to cancer cells
AC
cyclophosphamide and doxorubicin (41breast and pediatric neuroblastoma) OR cisplatin and doxorubicin (41sarcoma/bone)
ACC
acinic cell carcinoma ◊ acinar cell carcinoma ◊ adenoid cystic carcinoma ◊ adrenocortical carcinoma
accelerated fractionation
also hyperfractionation - Regular dose of radiation therapy administered during a shorter time frame.
accelerated phase
(ak-SEL-er-ay-ted) Refers to chronic myelogenous leukemia that is progressing. The number of immature, abnormal white blood cells in the bone marrow and blood is higher than in the chronic More…
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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