Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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radical nephrectomy
(neh-FREK-tuh-mee) Surgery to remove an entire kidney, nearby adrenal gland and lymph nodes, and other surrounding tissue
radical prostatectomy
(RAD-ih-kal pros-ta-TEK-toe-mee) Surgery to remove the entire prostate. The two types of radical prostatectomy are retropubic prostatectomy and perineal prostatectomy
radioactive
(RAY-dee-o-AK-tiv) Giving off radiation
radioactive drug
A drug containing a radioactive substance that is used in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and in pain management of bone metastases. Also called a radiopharmaceutical
radioactive fallout
(RAY-dee-o-AK-tiv) Airborne radioactive particles that fall to the ground during and after an atomic bombing, nuclear weapons test, or nuclear plant accident
radioactive iodine
(RAY-dee-o-AK-tiv EYE-uh-dine) A radioactive form of iodine, often used for imaging tests or as a treatment for cancer. For imaging tests, the patient takes a small amount of radioactive More…
radioactive palladium
A radioactive form of palladium (a metallic element that resembles platinum). When used to treat prostate cancer, radioactive seeds (small pellets that contain radioactive palladium) are More…
radioactive seed
A small, radioactive pellet that is placed in or near a tumor. Cancer cells are killed by the energy given off as the radioactive material decays (breaks down)
radiofrequency ablation
A needle is guided from the skin into the tumor. Once in the tumor, the needle releases an umbrella of wires which treats the tumor with radiofrequency energy heat. The technique allows More…
radiographic
Relating to or produced by radiography
radioimmunoguided surgery
A procedure that uses radiolabeled substances to detect tumors for surgical removal
radioimmunotherapy
Treatment with a radioactive substance that is linked to an antibody that will attach to the tumor when injected into the body
radioisotope
An unstable element that releases radiation as it breaks down. Radioisotopes can be used in imaging tests or as a treatment for cancer
radiolabeled
Any compound that has been joined with a radioactive substance
radiologic exam
A test that uses radiation or other imaging procedures to find signs of cancer or other abnormalities
radiologist
(RAY-dee-OL-o-jist) A doctor who specializes in creating and interpreting pictures of areas inside the body. The pictures are produced with x-rays, sound waves, or other types of energy More…
radiology
The use of radiation (such as x-rays) or other imaging technologies (such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) to diagnose or treat disease
radionuclide scanning
A test that produces pictures (scans) of internal parts of the body. The person is given an injection or swallows a small amount of radioactive material; a machine called a scanner then More…
radiopharmaceutical
A drug containing a radioactive substance that is used in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and in pain management of bone metastases. Also called a radioactive drug
radiosensitization
The use of a drug that makes tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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