Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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selected terms: 451 page 20 of 23
ProMACE/MOPP
cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, etoposide, leucovorin, mechlorethamine, methotrexate
promegapoietin
A colony-stimulating factor that stimulates the production of blood cells, especially platelets; it is given during chemotherapy to increase blood cell regeneration. Promegapoietin is a More…
promyelocytic leukemia
A type of acute myeloid leukemia, a quickly progressing disease in which too many immature blood-forming cells are found in the blood and bone marrow
prophylactic
In medicine, something that prevents or protects
prophylactic cranial irradiation
(pro-fih-LAK-tik KRAY-nee-ul ir-ray-dee-AY-shun) Radiation therapy to the head to reduce the risk that cancer will spread to the brain
prophylactic mastectomy
(pro-fi-LAK-tik mas-TEK-toe-mee) Surgery to remove one or both breasts in order to decrease the risk of developing breast cancer. Also called preventive mastectomy
prophylactic oophorectomy
(pro-fi-LAK-tik o-o-for-EK-toe-mee) Surgery intended to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer by removing the ovaries before disease develops
prophylactic surgery
Surgery to remove an organ or gland that shows no signs of cancer, in an attempt to prevent development of cancer of that organ or gland. Prophylactic surgery is sometimes chosen by people More…
prophylaxis
An attempt to prevent disease
prospective
In medicine, a study or clinical trial in which participants are identified and then followed forward in time
prospective cohort study
A research study that follows over time groups of individuals who are alike in many ways but differ by a certain characteristic (for example, female nurses who smoke and those who do not More…
Prost 30 monoclonal antibody
A type of monoclonal antibody used in cancer detection or therapy. Monoclonal antibodies are laboratory-produced substances that can locate and bind to cancer cells
prostascint
Kit for the preparation of Indium In111 Capromab Pendetide which aids in gamma camera scanning for prostate cancer.
prostate
(PROS-tate) A gland in the male reproductive system just below the bladder. The prostate surrounds part of the urethra, the canal that empties the bladder, and produces a fluid that forms More…
prostate specific antigen
Protein manufactured exclusively by the prostate gland. Elevated levels in blood serum are associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer.
prostate-specific antigen
PSA. A substance produced by the prostate that may be found in an increased amount in the blood of men who have prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia, or infection or inflammation More…
prostate-specific antigen test
A blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a substance produced by the prostate and some other tissues in the body. Increased levels of PSA may be a sign of More…
prostatectomy
(pros-ta-TEK-toe-mee) An operation to remove part or all of the prostate. Radical (or total) prostatectomy is the removal of the entire prostate and some of the tissue around it
prostatic acid phosphatase
(FOS-fa-tays) PAP. An enzyme produced by the prostate. It may be found in increased amounts in men who have prostate cancer
prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia
(pros-TAT-ik in-tra-eh-pih-THEEL-ee-ul NEE-o-play-zha) PIN. Noncancerous growth of the cells lining the internal and external surfaces of the prostate gland. It is an important sign that More…
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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