Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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selected terms: 214 page 3 of 11
decortication
(de-KOR-tih-KAY-shun) Removal of part or all of the external surface of an organ
dedifferentiated
Loss of specialization in form or function
dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma
Type of malignant chondrogenic bone tumor with both cartilaginous and fibrous components.
deferoxamine
An iron-chelating agent that removes iron from tumors by inhibiting DNA synthesis and causing cancer cell death. It is used in conjunction with other anticancer agents in pediatric More…
defibrotide
A substance that is being studied in the prevention of veno-occlusive disease, a rare complication of high-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation in which small veins in the liver More…
deficiency
In medicine, a shortage of a substance (such as a vitamin or mineral) needed by the body
degenerative disease
A disease in which the function or structure of the affected tissues or organs changes for the worse over time. Osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and Alzheimer's disease are examples
dehydration
A condition caused by the loss of too much water from the body. Severe diarrhea or vomiting can cause dehydration
dehydroepiandrosterone
DHEA. A substance that is being studied in the prevention of cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called steroids
delayed-type hypersensitivity response
DTH. An inflammatory response that develops 24 to 72 hours after exposure to an antigen that the immune system recognizes as foreign. This type of immune response involves mainly T cells More…
dendritic cell
A special type of antigen-presenting cell (APC) that activates T lymphocytes
dendritic cell vaccine
A vaccine made of antigens and dendritic antigen-presenting cells (APCs)
denileukin diftitox
A substance used to treat cutaneous T-cell lymphoma when other treatments have not worked
dental implant
A small metal pin placed inside the jawbone to mimic the root of a tooth. Dental implants can be used to help anchor a false tooth or teeth, or a crown or bridge
deoxycytidine
A drug that protects healthy tissues from the toxic effects of anticancer drugs
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA. The molecules inside cells that carry genetic information and pass it from one generation to the next
DepoFoam-encapsulated cytarabine
The anticancer drug cytarabine formulated inside small particles of a synthetic lipid material called DepoFoam. This dosage form slowly releases the drug and provides a sustained action More…
depsipeptide
Anticancer drugs obtained from microorganisms
derivation
Process of making of a new type in terms of an existing one.
derivative
In chemistry, a compound produced from or related to another
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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