Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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gemcitabine
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called antimetabolites
GEMOX
gemcitabine oxaliplatin
gemtuzumab ozogamicin
A type of monoclonal antibody used in cancer detection or therapy. Monoclonal antibodies are laboratory-produced substances that can locate and bind to cancer cells
gene
The functional and physical unit of heredity passed from parent to offspring. Genes are pieces of DNA, and most genes contain the information for making a specific protein
gene deletion
The total loss or absence of a gene
gene mapping
Determination of the relative positions of genes on a DNA molecule (chromosome or plasmid) and of the distance, in linkage units or physical units, between them
gene mutation
Mutation due to an intramolecular reorganization of a gene.
gene therapy
Treatment that alters a gene. In studies of gene therapy for cancer, researchers are trying to improve the body's natural ability to fight the disease or to make the cancer cells more More…
gene transfer
The insertion of genetic material into a cell
gene-modified
Cells that have been altered to contain different genetic material than they originally contained
general anesthesia
(an-es-THEE-zha) Drugs that cause loss of feeling or awareness and put the person to sleep
generic
Official nonbrand names by which medicines are known. Generic names usually refer to the chemical name of the drug
genetic
Inherited; having to do with information that is passed from parents to offspring through genes in sperm and egg cells
genetic counseling
A communication process between a specially trained health professional and a person concerned about the genetic risk of disease. The person's family and personal medical history may More…
genetic marker
A specific gene that produces a recognizable trait and can be used in family or population studies.
genetic markers
Alterations in DNA that may indicate an increased risk of developing a specific disease or disorder
genetic susceptibility
An inherited increase in the risk of developing a disease
genetic testing
Analyzing DNA to look for a genetic alteration that may indicate an increased risk for developing a specific disease or disorder
genistein
An isoflavone found in soy products. Soy isoflavones are being studied to see if they help prevent cancer
genitourinary
Pertaining to the genitalia and the urinary organs or functions
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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