Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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selected terms: 167 page 3 of 9
nephrogenic rests
Clusters of abnormally retained embryonic kidney precursor cells. May be a precursor to Wilm's tumor.
nephrologist
(neh-FROL-uh-jist) A doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating kidney disease
nephroma
Growth in the kidney
nephropathy
Degenerative disease of the kidneys
nephrotomogram
(nef-ro-TOE-mo-gram) A series of x-rays of the kidneys. The x-rays are taken from different angles and show the kidneys clearly, without the shadows of the organs around them
nephrotoxic
Poisonous or damaging to the kidney
nephroureterectomy
Surgery to remove a kidney and its ureter. Also called ureteronephrectomy
nerve block
A procedure in which medicine is injected directly into or around a nerve or into the spine to block pain
nerve cell
A type of cell that receives and sends messages from the body to the brain and back to the body. The messages are sent by a weak electrical current. Also called a neuron
neural
Having to do with nerves or the nervous system, including the brain and the spinal cord
neuro-oncologist
(NOO-ro-on-KOL-o-jist) A doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating brain tumors and other tumors of the nervous system
neurobehavioral
Having to do with the way the brain affects emotion, behavior, and learning. Some cancers or their treatment may cause neurobehavioral problems
neuroblastoma
Cancer that arises in immature nerve cells and affects mostly infants and children
neurocognitive
Having to do with the ability to think and reason. This includes the ability to concentrate, remember things, process information, learn, speak, and understand
neurocytoma
Tumor made of neurocytes
neuroectodermal tumor
A tumor of the central or peripheral nervous system
neuroendocrine
(NOO-ro-EN-do-krin) Having to do with the interactions between the nervous system and the endocrine system. Neuroendocrine describes certain cells that release hormones into the blood in More…
neuroendocrine tumor
A tumor derived from cells that release a hormone in response to a signal from the nervous system. Some examples of neuroendocrine tumors are carcinoid tumors, islet cell tumors, medullary More…
neuroepithelial
Having to do with tissue made up of sensory cells, such as tissue found in the ear, nose, and tongue
neurofibroma
A benign tumor that develops from the cells and tissues that cover nerves
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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