Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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oncolytic
Refers to viruses that kill cancer cells more often than they kill normal cells
Onconase®
A substance that is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called ribonuclease enzymes. Also called ranpirnase
ondansetron
A drug that prevents or reduces nausea and vomiting. It belongs to the family of drugs called antiemetics
onset of action
The length of time it takes for a medicine to start to work
ONYX-015
A modified cold virus that selectively grows in and destroys certain types of cancer cells and leaves normal cells undamaged
oophorectomy
(o-o-for-EK-toe-mee) Surgery to remove one or both ovaries
OPA
doxorubicin, prednisone, and vincristine
open biopsy
A procedure in which a surgical incision (cut) is made through the skin to expose and remove tissues. The biopsy tissue is examined under a microscope by a pathologist. An open biopsy may More…
open colectomy
(ko-LEK-toe-mee) An operation to remove all or part of the colon through a long incision made in the wall of the abdomen. When only part of the colon is removed, it is called a partial More…
open label study
A type of study in which both the health providers and the patients are aware of the drug or treatment being given
operable
Describes a condition that can be treated by surgery
ophthalmic
Having to do with the eye
ophthalmic oncologist
An ophthalmologist with specialized training in the diagnosis and management eye cancers.
ophthalmologist
Physician who specializes in the diagnosis, medical treatment, and surgical treatment of eye diseases.
ophthalmoscope
(off-THAL-mo-skope) A lighted instrument used to examine the inside of the eye, including the retina and the optic nerve
opioid
A synthetic drug that is used to treat moderate to severe pain. Opioids are similar to opiates such as morphine and codeine
OPM
occult primary malignancy
OPPA
doxorubicin, prednisone, procarbazine, and vincristine
opportunistic infection
An infection caused by an organism that does not normally cause disease. Opportunistic infections occur in people with weakened immune systems
optic nerve
The nerve that carries messages from the retina to the brain
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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