Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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selected terms: 79 page 3 of 4
papilloma
Benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
papovavirus
Any of a group of animal viruses associated with or causing papillomas or polyomas
paracentesis
Insertion of a thin needle or tube into the abdomen to remove fluid from the peritoneal cavity
paraganglioma
Rare tumors that form from neuroendocrine tissue in the adrenals and can be found in the abdomen, thorax, and head & neck body sites. Most are considered benign, but about 3% of tumors More…
parageusia
A bad taste in the mouth. Also called dysgeusia
paralysis
(pa-RAL-ih-sis) Loss of ability to move all or part of the body
paramyxovirus
A type of virus that has hemagglutinin-neuraminidase proteins in the outer coat and RNA as the genetic material. Measles (rubeola) virus, mumps virus, and Newcastle disease virus are More…
paraneoplastic syndrome
(pair-a-nee-o-PLAS-tik) A group of symptoms that may develop when substances released by some cancer cells disrupt the normal function of surrounding cells and tissue
parasite
An animal or a plant that lives on or in an organism of another species and gets nutrients from it. A complete parasite gets all of its nutrients from the host organism, but a semi-parasite More…
parasitic
Having to do with or being a parasite
paratesticular
Pertaining to the epididymis and vas deferens
parathyroid gland
(pair-a-THIGH-roid) One of four pea-sized glands found on the thyroid. The parathyroid hormone produced by these glands increases the calcium level in the blood
parathyroid hormone
(par-a-THI-royd) A substance made by the parathyroid gland that helps the body store and use calcium. Also called parathormone, parathyrin, or PTH
parenchyma
(pah-REN-kih-ma) The essential or functional elements of an organ
parenchymal
See parenchyma
paresthesias
Abnormal touch sensations, such as burning or prickling, that occur without an outside stimulus
paricalcitol
(par-i-KAL-si-tol) A substance that is being used to treat overactive parathyroid glands in patients with kidney failure. It is also being studied in the treatment of cancer. Paricalcitol More…
parietal pericardium
The outer layer of the pericardium, which is a thin sac of tissue that surrounds the heart
Parkinson's disease
A progressive disorder of the nervous system marked by muscle tremors, muscle rigidity, decreased mobility, stooped posture, slow voluntary movements, and a mask-like facial expression
parotidectomy
Surgery to remove all or part of the parotid gland (a large salivary gland located in front of and just below the ear). In a radical parotidectomy, the entire gland is removed
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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