Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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selected terms: 451 page 3 of 23
papillary serous carcinoma
An aggressive cancer that usually affects the uterus/endometrium, peritoneum, or ovary
papillary thyroid cancer
(PAP-i-lair-ee) Cancer that develops from cells in the thyroid and forms small finger-like projections. The most common type of thyroid cancer, it grows slowly, is more common in women than More…
papillary tumor
(PAP-ih-lar-ee TOO-mer) A tumor shaped like a small mushroom, with its stem attached to the epithelial layer (inner lining) of an organ
papilledema
(pap-il-eh-DEE-ma) Swelling around the optic disk, the area where the optic nerve (the nerve that carries messages from the eye to the brain) enters the eyeball. Papilledema occurs when More…
papilloma
Benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
papovavirus
Any of a group of animal viruses associated with or causing papillomas or polyomas
paracentesis
Insertion of a thin needle or tube into the abdomen to remove fluid from the peritoneal cavity
paraganglioma
Rare tumors that form from neuroendocrine tissue in the adrenals and can be found in the abdomen, thorax, and head & neck body sites. Most are considered benign, but about 3% of tumors More…
parageusia
A bad taste in the mouth. Also called dysgeusia
paralysis
(pa-RAL-ih-sis) Loss of ability to move all or part of the body
paramyxovirus
A type of virus that has hemagglutinin-neuraminidase proteins in the outer coat and RNA as the genetic material. Measles (rubeola) virus, mumps virus, and Newcastle disease virus are More…
paraneoplastic syndrome
(pair-a-nee-o-PLAS-tik) A group of symptoms that may develop when substances released by some cancer cells disrupt the normal function of surrounding cells and tissue
parasite
An animal or a plant that lives on or in an organism of another species and gets nutrients from it. A complete parasite gets all of its nutrients from the host organism, but a semi-parasite More…
parasitic
Having to do with or being a parasite
paratesticular
Pertaining to the epididymis and vas deferens
parathyroid gland
(pair-a-THIGH-roid) One of four pea-sized glands found on the thyroid. The parathyroid hormone produced by these glands increases the calcium level in the blood
parathyroid hormone
(par-a-THI-royd) A substance made by the parathyroid gland that helps the body store and use calcium. Also called parathormone, parathyrin, or PTH
parenchyma
(pah-REN-kih-ma) The essential or functional elements of an organ
parenchymal
See parenchyma
paresthesias
Abnormal touch sensations, such as burning or prickling, that occur without an outside stimulus
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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