Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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selected terms: 451 page 4 of 23
paricalcitol
(par-i-KAL-si-tol) A substance that is being used to treat overactive parathyroid glands in patients with kidney failure. It is also being studied in the treatment of cancer. Paricalcitol More…
parietal pericardium
The outer layer of the pericardium, which is a thin sac of tissue that surrounds the heart
Parkinson's disease
A progressive disorder of the nervous system marked by muscle tremors, muscle rigidity, decreased mobility, stooped posture, slow voluntary movements, and a mask-like facial expression
parotidectomy
Surgery to remove all or part of the parotid gland (a large salivary gland located in front of and just below the ear). In a radical parotidectomy, the entire gland is removed
paroxetine hydrochloride
An antidepressant drug
partial cystectomy
(sis-TEK-to-mee) The removal of the cancer as well as some of the bladder tissue around the tumor. Also called segmental cystectomy
partial laryngectomy
(PAR-shul lair-in-JEK-tuh-mee) An operation to remove part of the larynx (voice box)
partial mastectomy
(mas-TEK-toe-mee) The removal of cancer as well as some of the breast tissue around the tumor and the lining over the chest muscles below the tumor. Usually some of the lymph nodes under More…
partial nephrectomy
(neh-FREK-tuh-mee) Surgery to remove part of one kidney or a kidney tumor, but not an entire kidney
partial oophorectomy
(o-o-for-EK-toe-mee) Surgery to remove part of one ovary or part of both ovaries
partial remission
A decrease in the size of a tumor, or in the extent of cancer in the body, in response to treatment. Also called partial response
partial response
A decrease in the size of a tumor, or in the extent of cancer in the body, in response to treatment
particle beam radiation therapy
Use of a linear accelerators, synchrotrons, or cyclotrons, which produce and accelerate subatomic particles, for radiation treatment purposes. aka: particulate radiotherapy
passive antibody therapy
Treatment with injections of antibodies made in another animal or in the laboratory
pathalogic
Of or relating to the practice of pathology
pathologic
Caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology.
pathologic fracture
A broken bone caused by disease, often by the spread of cancer to the bone
pathological staging
A method used to determine the stage of cancer. Tissue samples are removed during surgery or a biopsy. The stage is determined based on how the cells in the samples look under a microscope More…
pathologist
(pa-THOL-o-jist) A doctor who identifies diseases by studying cells and tissues under a microscope
pathology
Study of disease processes with the aim of understanding their nature and causes.
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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