Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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respiratory tract
The organs that are involved in breathing. These include the nose, throat, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs. Also known as the respiratory system
response
In medicine, an improvement related to treatment
response rate
The percentage of patients whose cancer shrinks or disappears after treatment
resting
In biology, refers to a cell that is not dividing
rete testis
Network of tubules carrying sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the vasa efferentia
retinoblastoma
An eye cancer that most often occurs in children younger than 5 years. It occurs in hereditary and nonhereditary (sporadic) forms
retinoid
Vitamin A or a vitamin A-like compound
retinol
Vitamin A. It is essential for proper vision and healthy skin and mucous membranes. Retinol is being studied for cancer prevention; it belongs to the family of drugs called retinoids
retinyl palmitate
A drug being studied in cancer prevention. It belongs to the family of drugs called retinoids
retroperitoneal
(RET-row-PAIR-ih-toe-NEE-ul) Having to do with the area outside or behind the peritoneum (the tissue that lines the abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in the abdomen)
retroperitoneum
Area of the abdomen near the back, behind all abdominal organs, including the bowel.
retropubic prostatectomy
(re-tro-PYOO-bik pros-ta-TEK-toe-mee) Surgery to remove the prostate through an incision made in the abdominal wall
retrospective
Looking back at events that have already taken place
retrospective cohort study
A research study in which the medical records of groups of individuals who are alike in many ways but differ by a certain characteristic (for example, female nurses who smoke and those who More…
retrospective study
A study that compares two groups of people: those with the disease or condition under study (cases) and a very similar group of people who do not have the disease or condition (controls). More…
retroviral vector
RNA from a virus that is used to insert genetic material into cells
retrovirus
A type of virus that has RNA instead of DNA as its genetic material. It uses an enzyme called reverse transcriptase to become part of the host cells’ DNA. This allows many copies of the More…
RevM10 gene
An antiviral gene being studied for treatment of cancer in patients who have HIV, the virus that causes AIDS
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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