Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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SGOT
serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase
SGPT
serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase
SH
social history
sham therapy
An inactive treatment or procedure that is intended to mimic as closely as possible a therapy in a clinical trial. Also called placebo therapy
shave biopsy
(BY-ahp-see) A procedure in which the parts of a mole that are above and just below the surface of the skin are removed with a small blade. There is no need for stitches with this procedure More…
sheep sorrel
Rumex acetosella . A plant that has been used in some cultures to treat certain medical problems. It may have anticancer effects. Also called dock and sorrel
shiitake mushroom
Lentinus edodes. A dark oriental mushroom widely used as a food. Several anticancer substances have been found in shiitake mushrooms, including lentinan, which has been studied in Japan as More…
Sho-saiko-to
A Japanese formulation of seven Chinese herbs that is being studied as a treatment for cancer
shunt
A surgeon implants or creates a shunt to move blood or other fluid from one part of the body to another part. For example, a surgeon may implant a tube to drain cerebrospinal fluid from the More…
SI
radioactive - seed implantation
sialic acid
A type of sugar molecule
sialomucin
Mucin containing sialic acid
sialyl Tn-KLH
A vaccine composed of a substance that enhances immunity plus an antigen found on some tumors of the colon, breast, lung, ovary, pancreas, and stomach
side effect
A problem that occurs when treatment affects tissues or organs other than the ones being treated. Some common side effects of cancer treatment are fatigue, pain, nausea, vomiting, decreased More…
side-to-end coloanal anastomosis
A surgical procedure in which the side of the colon is attached to the anus after the rectum has been removed. A section of the colon about 2 inches long is formed into a mini-pouch in More…
sigmoid colon
(SIG-moyd KO-lun) The S-shaped section of the colon that connects to the rectum
sigmoidoscope
(sig-MOY-da-skope) A thin, lighted tube used to view the inside of the colon
sigmoidoscopy
(sig-moid-OSS-ko-pee) Inspection of the lower colon using a thin, lighted tube called a sigmoidoscope. Samples of tissue or cells may be collected for examination under a microscope. Also More…
signal transduction
Biochemical events that conduct the signal of a hormone or growth factor from the cell exterior, through the cell membrane, and into the cytoplasm.
signal transduction inhibitor
A drug that may prevent the ability of cancer cells to multiply quickly and invade other tissues
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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