Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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acral lentiginous melanoma
Cancer most commonly found on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, or under nails. It usually appears as a black or brown discoloration.
acridine carboxamide
DACA. A substance that is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called topoisomerase inhibitors
ACRO
Association of Clinical Research Organizations See also: Association of Clinical Research Organizations
acrylonitrile
(ak-ri-low-NYE-tril) A substance used to make plastics, rubber, and textiles. Being exposed to acrylonitrile may increase the risk of developing certain cancers, such as lung, brain, or More…
ACS
American Cancer Society See also: American Cancer Society Website
ACT
cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and paclitaxel
ACTA
automatic computerized transverse axial
actinic keratosis
ak-TIN-ik ker-a-TOE-sis) A precancerous condition of thick, scaly patches of skin. Also called solar or senile keratosis
actinomycin
Any of various red antibiotics isolated from soil bacteria
action study
In cancer prevention clinical trials, a study that focuses on finding out whether actions people take can prevent cancer
activate
In biology, to stimulate a cell in a resting state to become active. This causes biochemical and functional changes in the activated cell
acuity
(ah ku' ih tee) Refers to clarity or distinctness of hearing or sight
ACUP
adenocarcinoma of unknown primary
acupressure
(AK-yoo-PRESH-er) The application of pressure or localized massage to specific sites on the body to control symptoms such as pain or nausea. It is a type of complementary and alternative More…
acupuncture
(AK-yoo-PUNK-cher) The technique of inserting thin needles through the skin at specific points on the body to control pain and other symptoms. It is a type of complementary and alternative More…
acustimulation
Mild electrical stimulation of acupuncture points to control symptoms such as nausea and vomiting
acute
Symptoms or signs that begin and worsen quickly; not chronic
acute erythroleukemia
Type of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) representing erythroleukemia in which malignant leukoblasts have proliferated and become predominant.
acute granulocytic leukemia
Type of leukemia characterized by the proliferation of immature white blood cells, known as granulocytes, in the bloodstream.
acute leukemia
A rapidly progressing cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow, and causes large numbers of white blood cells to be produced and enter the blood stream
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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