Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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signet ring cell carcinoma
A highly malignant type of cancer typically found in glandular cells that line the digestive organs. The cells resemble signet rings when examined under a microscope
SIL
Squamous intraepithelial lesion. A general term for the abnormal growth of squamous cells on the surface of the cervix. The changes in the cells are described as low grade or high grade, More…
sildenafil
A substance that is used to treat erectile dysfunction. Sildenafil relaxes the smooth muscle of the penis to allow increased blood flow and erection. It belongs to the family of drugs More…
silicone
A synthetic gel that is used as an outer coating on breast implants and as the inside filling of some implants
silymarin
A substance obtained from milk thistle seeds that is being studied in the prevention of liver damage caused by certain cancer treatments
simple mastectomy
Removal of the breast. Also called total mastectomy
simple nephrectomy
(neh-FREK-tuh-mee) Surgery to remove one kidney
simulation
In cancer treatment, a process used to plan radiation therapy so that the target area is precisely located and marked
single blind study
A type of clinical trial in which only the doctor knows whether a patient is taking the standard treatment or the new treatment being tested. This helps prevent bias in treatment studies More…
single-photon emission computed tomography
SPECT. A special type of computed tomography (CT) scan in which a small amount of a radioactive drug is injected into a vein and a scanner is used to make detailed images of areas inside More…
sirolimus
A drug used to help prevent the body from rejecting organ and bone marrow transplants. It is also being studied as a treatment for cancer. Sirolimus belongs to the family of drugs called More…
skeletal
Having to do with the skeleton (boney part of the body)
skeleton
The framework that supports the soft tissues of vertebrate animals and protects many of their internal organs. The skeletons of vertebrates are made of bone and/or cartilage
skin graft
Skin that is moved from one part of the body to another
skin patch
A bandage-like patch that releases medicine into the body through the skin. The medicine enters the blood slowly and steadily
skin stimulation
The process of applying pressure, friction, temperature change, or chemical substances to the skin to lessen or block a feeling of pain
skin test
A test for an immune response to a compound by placing it on or under the skin
SL
secondary leukemia
SLCT
sertoli-Leydig cell tumor
slippery elm
Ulmus fulva or Ulmus rubra . The inner bark of this plant has been used in some cultures to treat certain medical problems. It may have antioxidant effects. Also called gray elm, Indian More…
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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