Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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Topo/CTX
cyclophosphamide, filgrastim, and topotecan
topoisomerase inhibitor
An anticancer drug. The topoisomerase enzymes are responsible for the arrangement and rearrangement of DNA in the cell and for cell growth and replication. Inhibiting these enzymes may kill More…
topotecan
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family drugs called topoisomerase inhibitors
toremifene
An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called antiestrogens. Toremifene blocks the effect of the hormone estrogen in the body. It may help control some cancers from growing, More…
total androgen blockade
Therapy used to eliminate male sex hormones (androgens) in the body. This may be done with surgery, hormonal therapy, or a combination
total estrogen blockade
Therapy used to eliminate estrogen in the body. This may be done with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these procedures
total hysterectomy
Surgery to remove the entire uterus, including the cervix. Sometimes, not all of the cervix is removed. Also called complete hysterectomy
total laryngectomy
(LAIR-in-JEK-tuh-mee) An operation to remove all of the larynx (voice box)
total mastectomy
(mas-TEK-toe-mee) Removal of the breast. Also called simple mastectomy
total nodal irradiation
Radiation therapy to the mantle field, the spleen, the lymph nodes in the upper abdomen, and the lymph nodes in the pelvic area
total pancreatectomy
Surgery to remove the entire pancreas. Part of the stomach, part of the small intestine, the common bile duct, gallbladder, spleen, and nearby lymph nodes also are removed
total parenteral nutrition
TPN. Intravenous (into a vein) feeding that provides necessary nutrients when a person is unable to eat normally
total-body irradiation
Radiation therapy to the entire body. Usually followed by bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation
totipotent
Having to do with cells that are able to develop into any type of cell found in the body
toxic
Having to do with poison or something harmful to the body. Toxic substances usually cause unwanted side effects
toxicity
The degree to which a chemical substance elicits a deleterious or adverse effect upon the biological system of an organism exposed to the substance over a designated time period.
toxin
A poison produced by certain animals, plants, or bacteria
TP-38 immunotoxin
A substance that combines a protein that binds to certain tumor cells with a bacterial toxin that kills tumor cells. It is being studied in the treatment of brain tumors
TPA
12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate. A drug that is being studied as a treatment for hematologic cancer
TPN
total parenteral nutrition
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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