Cancer dictionary of words, acronyms, abbreviations, & medical terms.
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selected terms: 220 page 9 of 11
transplantation
The replacement of tissue with tissue from the person’s own body or from another person
transrectal biopsy
A procedure in which a sample of tissue is removed from the prostate for examination under a microscope. The sample is removed with a thin needle that is inserted through the rectum and More…
transrectal ultrasound
(trans-REK-tul) TRUS. A procedure in which a probe that sends out high-energy sound waves is inserted into the rectum. The sound waves are bounced off internal tissues or organs and make More…
transurethral biopsy
A procedure in which a sample of tissue is removed from the prostate for examination under a microscope. A thin, lighted tube is inserted through the urethra into the prostate, and a small More…
transurethral needle ablation
A procedure that is used to treat benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). A small probe that gives off low-level radiofrequency energy is inserted through the urethra into the prostate. The More…
transurethral resection
(TRANZ-yoo-REE-thral ree-SEK-shun) Surgery performed with a special instrument inserted through the urethra. Also called TUR
transurethral resection of the prostate
(TRANZ-yoo-REE-thral ree-SEK-shun) Surgical procedure to remove tissue from the prostate using an instrument inserted through the urethra. Also called TURP
transvaginal ultrasound
A procedure used to examine the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and bladder. An instrument is inserted into the vagina, and sound waves bounce off organs inside the pelvic area. More…
trastuzumab
(tras-TOO-zuh-mab) A type of monoclonal antibody used in cancer detection or therapy. Monoclonal antibodies are laboratory-produced substances that can locate and bind to cancer cells. More…
treatment field
In radiation therapy, the place on the body where the radiation beam is aimed
treosulfan
A substance that is being studied as a treatment for cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called alkylating agents
tretinoin
A drug that belongs to the family of drugs called retinoids. It is used in the treatment of acne and is being studied in cancer prevention
triacetyluridine
A substance that is being studied for its ability to protect against the gastrointestinal side effects caused by fluorouracil. It is a precursor of uridine, which is a component of RNA
triamcinolone
(try-am-SIN-oh-lone) A substance that is being studied for the prevention of nonmelanoma skin cancer. It is an anti-inflammatory drug that is applied to the skin to relieve irritation, More…
tributyrin
A triglyceride drug that may inhibit cell growth and induce cell differentiation. Differentiating agents may be effective in changing cancer cells back into normal cells
trichothiodystrophy
A hereditary condition characterized by sparse and brittle hair, short stature, and mental retardation
trigeminal nerve
The main sensory nerve of the head and face, and the motor nerve of the muscles used in chewing. Also called the fifth cranial nerve
triiodothyronine
A thyroid hormone. Also called liothyronine sodium or T-3
trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
An antibiotic drug used to treat infection and prevent pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
trimetrexate glucuronate
A drug that belongs to the family of drugs called antimetabolites. It is used in the treatment of pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and is being studied in the treatment of cancer
RCA Rare Cancer Dictionary
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